Pronunciation of morphemes often varies when spelling does not: define→definition, sign→signature. We never know the pronunciation of a morpheme until it lands in a word (Real Spelling). Good readers notice meaningful parts of words—and make connections between words with related meanings—and spelling. Pattern recognition reduces the load on memory. Related words that share structural elements at the morpheme level activate memory, especially when spelling reveals these connections: science→conscious→conscientious→conscience→omniscient.
MORPHOLOGICAL INSTRUCTION: Analyze teaching higher level reading and vocabulary development through Morphological Awareness instruction.
MORPHOLOGICAL INSTRUCTION: Compare the role of morphological processing skills to the development of reading and language acquisition.
TEACHING/INSTRUCTION/INTERVENTION: Discover the complexity of vocabulary knowledge and its important role in reading and reading intervention.
TEACHING/INSTRUCTION/INTERVENTION: Examine ways to integrate and review phonics, spelling and vocabulary through daily activities in the classroom.
Disclosure: Nancy Cushen White has no relevant financial or nonfinancial relationships to disclose.
Ed.D., CALT-QI, BCET,
University of CA-San Francisco
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