Manuscript, cursive, and keyboarding have advantages at different ages. Handwriting involves both cognitive and motor skillsand influences reading, written expression, and critical thinking. Sequential hand movements activate brain regions associated with thinking, working memory, and language. A note-taking study showed better comprehension and retention of content for handwriters. Elementary students composing by hand wrote faster, longer pieces with more ideas. Cross-disciplinary research demonstrates effectiveness of explicit, integrated handwriting instruction from kindergarten to high school.
HANDWRITING/WRITTEN LANGUAGE: Examine the importance of legible and fluent handwriting in order to make gains in reading, spelling and writing.
HANDWRITING/WRITTEN LANGUAGE: Identify effective practices and strategies for written language.
Disclosure: Nancy Cushen White has no relevant financial or nonfinancial relationships to disclose.
Ed.D., CALT-QI, BCET,
University of CA-San Francisco